Coss., L. B.C. B.C. He has neither spirit nor plan, nor forces, nor energy. We teach Latin from the book in preparation by Reginald Foster and Daniel McCarthy (read more here).The almost spontaneous thought of Cicero as he jotted down these letters provide in ordinary language provides a synthetic review of the entire language as it was naturally written. You know what an idiot Gnaeus is; you know how he deems cruelty a virtue; you know how he thinks that we have always scoffed at him. C. Iulius Caesar V. sine collega. [Rome, December 46 B.C.]. I beg of you to regard my claim to honour as committed to your care, if you realise that there is no danger, no toil, I have refused to face for my country, if it was at your instance and with your encouragement that I took up arms against the most presumptuous brigands, if I have not only raised whole armies to defend the cause of the State and its liberty, but have even snatched it from the hands of the most bloodthirsty tyrants; for had Dolabella anticipated me in getting hold of them, his army, not only by its actual arrival, but by the mere hope and expectation of it, would have strengthened the hands of Antonius. But I think Cassius will go (for Servilia promises she will see that that appointment to the corn-supply shall be withdrawn from the senatorial decree): and our friend soon gave up his silly talk of wanting to go to Rome. [12.3] Cicero to Cassius Your current position in the text is marked in blue. There has been some slight delay in the fulfilment of my promises to my men. Favonius was present too. There you have the leaders of public policy; it would be an insignificant number, even if all were going well; what do you think of it in these days of despair ? And that proposal of mine in the Senate would easily have carried the day but for the violent opposition of Pansa. . 4 I should like you, therefore, consistently with your unfailing kindness to me, to write and tell me what your impressions and your feelings are, what you think we should wait for, and what you think we should do. Late in 46 B.C. Now it is just your leavings that are worrying me, me indeed more than anybody else; it is true that we have admirable consuls, but the consulars are beneath contempt; we have a courageous Senate too, but it is those of the lowest rank who are most so. Early life. Coss., C. Octavius, Cn. Isauricus. An XML version of this text is available for download, Five months after this letter was written, Cicero was killed by the soldiers of Antonius. [2.26] Moreover, how likely it is, that among such a number of men, some obscure, some young men who had not the wit to conceal any one, my name could possibly have escaped notice? The lady is nervous, and was afraid of Pansa 's taking umbrage at it. Coss., C. There was nothing else for us to do now except to keep him out of danger: by so doing we should have some safeguard for the republic too. [12.13] C.Cassius, quaestor, to M.Cicero As for myself, if I always had somebody to trust with them, I should send you as many as three an hour. But sedition has been so well suppressed that it seems to me we are likely to be safe for all time, at any rate from that most degrading danger. I say nothing of his most disgraceful flight from the city, his timorous speeches in the towns, his ignorance not only of the strength of his opponent but of his own forces : but what of this? And all these measures were owing to you. you will say. Mart., Coss. Cicero was 20 years older than Cassius, and by the time this correspondence starts, he was already a prominent statesman. Our armies of course we can trust; but though everything should go on happily (and I hope everything will), even so it is of great importance that you should come here. Any comments. 2 Here (I'll send you something of a letter after all) we have on our hands the death of P. Sulla senior; some say it was brigands, others indigestion. This is practically all that I think you ought to know. People think that Caesar will be annoyed because he is afraid of a slump in his sales. Works by this author published before January 1, 1925 are in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. Caninius Rebilus, C. Trebonius. (Stuttgart, Bibliotheca Teubneriana, 1987–1988). Claudius Pulcher. But what can we do? Unless he contrives to bring in supplies in the ships of the Laodiceians, he is doomed to die of hunger very soon; and to prevent Dolabella from importing will be an easy task for Cassius's fleet, quite a large one, under the command of Sextilius Rufus, and the three fleets Turullius, Patiscus, and myself have respectively brought here. And yet that does not come to pass because of those spectres; and, by way of retaliation for that, in my next letter I shall let loose upon you such a rabble of Stoic boors that you will proclaim Catius a true-born Athenian. I accept your advice and have no intention of flight myself. And had not his men broken his orders and sent me a deputation, he would have kept the gates of Apameia shut until I had stormed it. During the course of the civil war between Caesar and Pompeius, Cassius acted as commander of part of Pompeius' fleet. 4 Our opinions are these: we are anxious that you should hold a high and honourable position in any constitution that is free, and we challenge you to no kind of hostility; but, for all that, we attach less value to your friendship than to our own liberty. [Rome, early February, 43 B.C.]. He has pitched camp in front of the town of Laodiceia; he has pulled down part of the wall, and has linked his camp with the town. I hope you will forgive my having acted against the wishes of your mother-in-law [Servilia]. Coss. 3 Since that has not come to pass, we will avail ourselves of the boon of letters, and so secure almost the same objects in our separation as if we were together. For my part I confess that what I expected was this - I thought that after the great battle, fraught as it were with the issues of fate, had been fought, the victors would desire measures to be taken in the interests of the community, and the vanquished in their own; but I held that both the former and the latter depended upon the speed with which the victor acted. You observe, am sure, that both those statements are false, and that the truth is to be found in what Hirtius pointed out - Antonius is afraid that, if our claims should have met with even moderate support, no part would be left for him to play on the political stage. Coss., M. B.C. a man whom I should not have ventured even to advise. 56 "Well then," you say, "we can have a laugh." To you, the most gallant gentleman in the world, who, ever since you set foot in the forum, have done nothing but what bears every mark of the most impressive distinction. And yet, that is the one and only thing we have to distract us from our troubles. Yes, we certainly passed that decree as a concession to prevailing circumstances, which in politics are paramount; but certain persons are abusing our forbearance without restraint and without gratitude. As for Bassus, the poor fool would not hand his legion over to me. So far winter has made active operations impossible. Attend too, as far as you possibly can, to the claims of the commanders, Murcus and Crispus. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Our friend Pansa set out in military uniform on December the 30th, so that even the man in the street might grasp the fact which you had lately begun to question - that "the good must be chosen for its own sake." Letters to Atticus, with an English translation by E.O. As to what remains, I prefer that you should consult your own heart, rather than listen to any words of mine. Claudius, Marcellus, L. Cornelius Lentulus PDF of public domain Loeb edition in Latin and English. Cicero. These letters, in translation, are certainly useful in making a contemporary reader familiar with him, although few seem greatly interested in that at present . [Formiae, February 10th, 49 B.C.]. Cicero also articulated an early, abstract conceptualisation of rights, based on ancient law and custom. Hirtius, as he frequently hints to me in his letters, seems unlikely to do anything without careful consideration. . Calpurnius Piso, M. Acilius Glabrio. Cicero: Letters to Atticus; With an English Translation, Volume 1: Cicero, Marcus Tullius, Atticus, Titus Pomponius: Amazon.sg: Books 47 It will be time enough for us to join them when we have found out what their strength really is. Farewell. Important Church Fathers such as Saint Augustine and others quoted liberally from his works, e.g. Claudius Marcellus, Servius Sulpicius Contributor Atticus, Titus Pomponius. Mind you keep your health and your affection for me. I fear the truer version may be that we are now all practically prisoners, that Pompeius is leaving Italy, pursued it is said by Caesar. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. The letters from Cicero as an exile are painful reading for those who entertain a regard for his character. Eq. Arrange matters in this way at last, O consul; pronounce the cause of the Brutuses, of Caius Cassius, of Cnaeus Domitius, of Caius Trebonius and the rest to be whatever you please to call it: sleep off that intoxication of yours, sleep it off and take breath. "I don't think so at all, for you won't be safe." I am sure Pompeius must be fleeing: I only hope he may escape. If we have both of you, we shall think we have the Republic here too. Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. 16. Letters to Atticus. from V Kal. "To Rome," he answered, "if you think I ought." The Senate is thoroughly staunch, except, of course, the consulars, of whom L.Caesar alone is as staunch as he is straight. And indeed I see no end to that sort of thing; decrees are posted up, exemptions are granted, huge sums of money are squandered, exiles are recalled, sham decrees of the Senate are registered; so that it is only that hatred we had of an abominable character and our resentment at being slaves that we have got rid of, while the constitution lies prostrate amid all this confusion into which he plunged it. Aemilius Lepidus. you will say. He would not now be troubling us. No plan, no reason, no system. Publication date 1912-18 Topics Atticus, Titus Pomponius Publisher Iulius Caesar II., P. Servilius Vatia You must know that I have started for Syria to join the generals L.Murcus and Q.Crispus. Important things, and there are many of them, remain to be done, but they all rest with you three. I confess that they, if they be not deliverers of the Roman people and saviours of the republic, are worse than assassins, worse than homicides, worse even than parricides: since it is a more atrocious thing to murder the father of one's country, than one's own father. Dict. For if you are angry and annoyed, I shall have more to say, and shall insist upon your being reinstated in that school of philosophy, out of which you have been ousted "by violence and an armed force." 4 There is a third point - to carry out by correspondence the consultations we should have held on our respective affairs if we had met. Coss., M. 6 My last point bears upon what I have already put before you; it is the strengthening of our friendship, as to which there is no need of further words. We would have won a glorious victory, if Antonius, stripped and unarmed and a fugitive as he was, had not been given refuge by Lepidus. . I who, as I myself confess, am an intimate friend of those men, and, as you accuse me, an accomplice of theirs, deny that there is any medium between these alternatives. All the others lack either spirit or sound principle; not a few of them are jealous of the honour paid to those whom they see winning the approval of the state. Iunius Silanus, L. Licinius Murena. [12.11] C.Cassius, proconsul, to M.Cicero Att.]. [11.2] Brutus and Cassius, praetors, to M. Antonius [Mark Antony], consul We pray to heaven that your counsels may be favourable to the welfare of the State and of yourself; failing that, our prayer is that they may be as little harmful to yourself as is consistent with the welfare and honour of the Republic. But why do I say "you are so condemned"? Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. Caius Cassius, a man of that family which could not endure, I will not say the domination, but even the power of any individual,- he, I suppose, was in need of me to instigate him? . Checked Out. M. Coss., Cn. I gave him the reasons that will occur to you, why it would not be safe. We have perused your letter, which closely I follows the lines of your public proclamation, being insulting, intimidating, and by no means a proper letter for you to have addressed to us. . [Rome, late in March or early in April, 43 B.C.]. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Philippus. As for ourselves, were we urged by other considerations to wish to fan the flame of civil war, your letter would have no effect whatever; for the man who threatens has no authority among free men. 7s. Were these the men to seek counsel from the ancestors of others rather than from their own? Nobody can play us false but yourself, and that is obviously foreign to your high character and integrity; but nobody else has the means of deceiving us; for it is you, and you alone, that we have trusted and shall continue to trust. On which account the republic owes him even a larger debt of gratitude, because he preferred the liberty of the Roman people to the friendship of one man, and because he preferred overthrowing arbitrary power to sharing it. Dated the 7th of March, from camp at Tarichea. For perhaps are you are incapable of understanding the dilemma that faces you. 3 Our friends are terribly alarmed about us; and although they are fully assured of your good faith, still they are obsessed by the reflection that a mass of veterans can be more easily driven in any direction by anybody else than held in check by you. The people don't care a straw, since there is no doubt as to his cremation. We indeed credit you with having made that denial in all good faith; at the same time, however, we refuse to acknowledge the truth of a single word of those allegations, and it surprises us that, though you kept silent about all this, you were so little able to control your anger as to reproach us with the death of Caesar. Antonius was no longer consul, but he still had a strong army, with which he besieged Decimus Brutus at Mutina until April, when he was forced to abandon the siege. . Consequently on the 2nd of October, Antonius was brought forward at a public meeting by Cannutius, and though it is true he left the platform in sore disgrace, yet he referred to the saviours of the country in terms that should have been applied to traitors. B.C. Neither Piso, therefore, who was the first to assail him without finding anybody to back him up, nor I, who did the same a month afterwards, nor P.Servilius, who immediately followed us, are allowed to enter the Senate with safety. B.C. L I should like you to have invited me to your banquet on the Ides of March; there would have been no leavings. For the allegation that such an order was issued to veterans because it was your intention to bring forward the question of their interests in the month of June is as frivolous as it is futile. I am afraid, O Senators, lest I should appear to you to have brought up a sham accuser against myself (which is a most disgraceful thing to do); a man not only to distinguish me by the praises which are my due, but to load me also with those which do not belong to me. So far she has avenged her injuries by the death through your agency of a despot; nothing could be more splendid. As to Brutus, because he is nearer, the reports about him appear to be more trustworthy. 2 But as to the matter that I discussed at considerable length in the Senate, and as to what I said at the public meeting, I should be glad if you would redeem the pledge I gave. Still I thought I should not refrain from demanding anything that I consider to be reasonable.
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